The New Plan for Asylum Seekers
The United Kingdom has a proud record of helping those fleeing persecution, oppression and tyranny from around the world. Alongside providing £10 billion a year to support people through our overseas aid, the UK is a global leader in refugee resettlement. As a country, between 2016 and 2019 we resettled more refugees from outside Europe than any member state of the EU. In total across all Government funded resettlement schemes, the UK has resettled more than 25,000 vulnerable refugees in need of protection over the past 6 years, with around half being children. Over 29,000 family reunion visas have also been issued in the last 5 years.
As you are aware, the Home Office has published the New Plan for Immigration which seeks to retain this compassionate approach and combine it with increased fairness, firmness and efficiency. I welcome the ambition to see an asylum system based on need, to better protect and support those who require our help most. I hope you will be reassured to know that the Government is strengthening the safe and legal routes for refugees and fixing historic anomalies in British Nationality law. The Government is also committed to ensuring that resettlement programmes are responsive to emerging international crises and that persecuted minorities are represented. The Plan also helps refugees once they have settled in the UK through support to integrate into society, help in accessing employment and sponsorship programmes.
A key objective of the Plan is also to deter and prevent illegal entry into our country, which will ensure we can prioritise those in genuine need. This will help prevent people making dangerous and unnecessary journeys to the UK through potentially fatal means in small boats or aeroplanes, for example, and also aims to halt the business model of criminal trafficking networks.
The proposals comply with our global obligations, including commitments to the European Convention on Human Rights, the Refugee Convention and the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. The Home Office has launched a consultation to gain insight from stakeholders and members of the public to inform their strategy, and Ministers are seeking widespread engagement. I would encourage all constituents to take part and ensure their voice is heard, by using the following link: www.gov.uk/government/consultations/new-plan-for-immigration
Asylum Seekers Housed at the Barracks
The Government takes the welfare of people in Home Office care extremely seriously and is fulfilling statutory duties to ensure decent, safe and humane conditions. The Home Office is required by law to provide asylum seekers who would otherwise be destitute with accommodation, paid for by the taxpayer.
Since March, the number of people within the asylum system has risen, because the Government temporarily ceased ending asylum support for those whose claims have been granted or refused. This was necessary to help stop the spread of Covid-19. It has therefore been necessary for the Government to act quickly to source contingency accommodation to create additional capacity and ensure obligations are met in full.
After looking into this, I have been reassured that those accommodated at these sites have access to appropriate medical care, are provided three meals a day, and have access to the 24/7 Migrant Help helpline to raise any issues.
I welcome the action taken by the Government to ensure the UK continues to meet its obligations and commitments to the most vulnerable people. This is of course in the context of unprecedented domestic challenges caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.
Coronavirus: Health Care and Immigration
As a nation, we have seen courageous and heroic efforts made by all front-line staff during this pandemic and we owe them an immense debt of gratitude. NHS staff have worked bravely and tirelessly to look after our loved ones and they deserve our support.
The Government has taken action to ensure the immigration system does not unduly infringe the ability of the NHS to respond to the Covid-19 pandemic. It is good news that thousands of health professionals and their family dependants will have their visas extended for a year, free of all fees and charges. This will extend the original offer, which gave health professionals a visa extension from 31 March 2020 to 1 October 2020, to 31 March 2021.
Indefinite Leave to Remain is based on a number of requirements, including lawful residence in the UK without excess absences and sufficient knowledge of the English language and life in the UK. Many migrant health professionals already in the UK are likely to be on an immigration route that leads to settlement. It is vital that the core tenets are maintained to provide for successful integration, as this benefits both the UK and overseas workers themselves.
Another area of support which the Government has developed is the new Health and Care Visa. This new Visa creates a fast-track visa route for eligible health and care professionals. There are some key and welcome benefits to this new route, such as a reduced visa application fee, and successful applicants will be exempt from the Immigration Health Surcharge. It is good news that the process will be quick and streamlined.
Finally, the visa extensions are just one part of the Government's response to the Covid-19 pandemic and you may be pleased to know that Ministers have been clear that they continue to consider how best to support the health and social care sector.
NHS Staff and Immigration
I could not agree with you more that we have seen courageous and heroic efforts made by front-line staff during this pandemic and we owe them an immense debt of gratitude.
I am particularly pleased that the Government has taken action to ensure the immigration system does not unduly infringe the ability of the NHS to respond to the Coronavirus outbreak. A wide of range of people working for the NHS or independent healthcare provider had their visa automatically extended by one year if it was due to expire before 1 October 2020. The Government made sure that the extension was free and the immigration health surcharge did not have to be paid as part of this extension.
I note your concerns regarding the length of this extension, and I have raised these with the Home Office. However, it is important to remember that the visa extensions are just one part of the Government's response to the COVID-19 pandemic and Ministers have been clear that they continue to consider how best to support the health and social care sector. Other areas of support include the bereavement scheme, the exemption from the NHS Surcharge and the new Health and Care Visa.
Funding of Fire and Rescue
Fire and rescue services across the country have played an essential role in the national effort to tackle Coronavirus. This includes helping other emergency services, aiding vulnerable people and supporting the NHS. It is important to remember that this is of course on top of their usual vital firefighting duties.
Accordingly, the Home Office has launched a £6 million Fire Coronavirus Contingency Fund. This funding will help to support fire and rescue authorities who incur significant costs as a result of taking on additional duties during the coronavirus outbreak. I can assure you that Fire and Rescue Authorities have the necessary funding to respond to incidents. Overall, Fire and Rescue Authorities will receive around £2.3 billion in 2020/21. An additional £6.4 billion in funding has been made available for councils to relieve local pressures and help vulnerable people as councils see fit.
I hope this clarifies the commitment to the Fire and Rescue Authorities, and I will continue to engage with Ministers on this issue.
Covert Human Intelligence Bill
I appreciate you have concerns about the proposed legislation. This is a very sensitive and important area of the law. As you will be aware, the Bill provides an express legal power for the intelligence agencies, police and a small number of other public authorities to continue to utilise an important tactic for national security and the prevention of serious crime.
Covert Human Intelligence Sources (CHIS) are agents, or undercover officers who may work in the company of criminals or terrorists. CHIS help to secure prosecutions and disruptions by infiltrating these groups. Participation in criminal conduct can be a part of CHIS use. However, this conduct takes place in carefully managed circumstances. This is vital legislation and goes to heart of efforts to keep communities safe from those who seek to do us all harm. The work of CHIS has been critical in disrupting many of the terrorist plots our agencies have stopped. Indeed, in 2018 alone, CHIS led operations allowed the National Crime Agency to disrupt over 30 threats to life, effect numerous arrests of serious organised criminals, seize over 3 tonnes of Class A drugs, safeguard over 200 people, and take almost 60 firearms and 4,000 rounds of ammunition off the street.
I understand you have concerns about safeguards. I would like to be clear that all authorisations are precise and explicit. A CHIS will never be given unlimited authority to commit any or all crimes. Indeed, where a CHIS commits any criminality outside the tight parameters of the authorisation, the prosecuting authorities can consider this in the normal way.
Some constituents have outlined that they believe the Bill will provide sweeping powers. I strongly disagree with this statement. The Government has been clear that there are upper limits to the activity that can be authorised under the Bill. These are contained in the Human Rights Act, including the right to life and the prohibition of torture or subjecting someone to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. It is unlawful for any public authority to act in a way that is incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), and the legislation makes clear that nothing in the Bill detracts from a public authority’s obligations under the Human Rights Act. Therefore, an act that would be incompatible with the ECHR could not lawfully be granted under this Bill.
I can also assure you that it is not acceptable for an undercover operative to form an intimate sexual relationship with those they are employed to infiltrate and target or those they may encounter during a deployment. The Government has stated clearly that this conduct will never be authorised, nor must it ever be used as a tactic in deployment. This is also made clear through the code of ethics for the police as well as the updated law enforcement agency undercover operative authorised professional practice.
Refugees in Greece
The UK is working closely with the Greek Government, who retain ultimate responsibility for the situation of migrants in their country. I know Ministers remain committed to supporting Greece's efforts in dealing with the migration challenge including through a United Kingdom Border Force search-and-rescue cutter in the Aegean; and over £510,000 to support the humanitarian needs of migrants on the islands. I welcome that the UK and Greece signed an action plan on migration on 22 April which reaffirms the UK's commitment to continued cooperation to tackle the challenges posed by irregular migration.
I appreciate the concerns you have about migrants on Lesbos following the devastating fire at the Moira Camp. I understand that around 400 unaccompanied children and teenagers have been flown to Thessaloniki in Northern Greece. The Greek Government have also sent ships to help house migrants impacted by the fire. [Optional: I will write to the Foreign Secretary to understand how the UK can help support the Greek Government at this difficult time.
I understand your concerns and agree that when it is safe to do so the UK should recommence refugee resettlement. I welcome the fact that the Home Office is evaluating how to respond and is continuing to discuss this with international and domestic stakeholders. It is important that this is not rushed as plans to restart resettlement are dependent on a number of factors. These include the lifting of restrictions imposed by governments of host refugee countries, local authority and central government capacity and the recovery of the asylum system from the impact of COVID-19. I will continue to push Ministers to restart resettlement as soon as it is safe and practicable to do so.
The UK has a proud tradition of providing a place of safety for refugees. Each claim for asylum is carefully considered and where it is found that individuals are in need of protection, asylum is given, with the ultimate aim of helping them to return home if it is safe to do so.
Asylum seekers are allowed to work, in jobs on the Shortage Occupation List, if their claim has not been decided after 12 months through no fault of their own. The current policy aims to strike a balance between being equitable towards asylum seekers, while considering the rights and needs of our society as a whole, prioritising jobs for British citizens and those with leave to remain here, including refugees. The Government is considering recent calls to change the current policy and is reviewing the evidence available.
From the 15 June, the cash allowance was raised by around 5 per cent. It is important to consider that this is significantly higher than general inflation which data showed was 0.8 per cent in the 12 months to April 2020. Indeed, food inflation over the same period was 1.4 per cent.
I know constituents have concerns over this allowance figure. The methodology used for the cash allowance has been recognised by the Courts as rational and lawful. You may be interested in reading about how this works here - https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/report-on-review-of-cash-allowance-paid-to-asylum-seekers.
Asylum Seekers and Refugee Resettlement
The UK’s resettlement schemes offer a safe and legal route to the UK for the most vulnerable refugees. Over 19,300 people have been resettled through the Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme and over 1,700 have been resettled through the Vulnerable Children’s Resettlement Scheme.
The Prime Minister made clear the importance that the Government places on ensuring that unaccompanied children who are seeking international protection in an EU Member State can continue to be reunited with specified family members who are in the UK, as well as children in the UK with family in the EU, following the UK’s exit from the EU. It is also important to note that the UK will continue to reunite unaccompanied children with family members in the UK under the Dublin Regulation during the implementation period, processing and deciding all ‘take back’ requests that have been submitted.
The Government made a statement in March that leaving the EU will not alter the UK’s commitment to family reunification for unaccompanied children. This remains the position. At the first round of the negotiations on the UK-EU future relationship, which also took place in March, our negotiating team outlined the UK's proposals as published in the document ‘The Future Relationship with the EU – The UK’s Approach to Negotiations’. In that document the Government has clearly stated its commitment to negotiate a reciprocal agreement in this area. I understand the EU is now considering the UK's proposals.
When people voted to leave the EU, they did so in the knowledge that the free movement system imposed by the EU would end. The Home Secretary has been clear that she has a particular responsibility to take back control and bring an end to free movement once and for all. To do this, the Government has introduced the Immigration and Social Security Coordination (EU Withdrawal) Bill in the House of Commons. This Bill will end free movement and provide the Government full control of our borders for the first time in many decades.
I welcome the Government’s commitment to build a fairer single, global immigration system which considers people based on their skills, rather than nationality and also reflects the needs of our own jobs market. The Home Office has now released a policy statement outlining that it will replace free movement with the UK’s very own points-based system. This new system will prioritise those with the highest skills and greatest talents, including scientists, engineers, academics and innovators.
I have always believed that the new system is more than simply controlling immigration. I am glad that the Government has committed to reducing the overall levels of migration while ensuring we attract the best and brightest from across the world. This process is also about the creation of a high wage, high skill, high productivity economy. This ambition explains why the Government will not be introducing a general low skilled or temporary work route. I welcome this approach as the UK needs to move away from relying on cheap labour from Europe and focus instead on investment in technology and automation.
Over recent weeks we have all seen our NHS and social care services serve the people of our country with distinction and dedication. I can assure you that our new points based immigration system will not just allow but actively welcome a range of health professionals to the United Kingdom. I welcome the fact that the framework for future immigration will provide the flexibility to adapt to changing times and the Government will ensure the health and care service is supported. The flexibility allowed by having our own immigration system is perhaps one of the most important aspects of the Immigration Bill.
I welcome the Prime Minister's announcement that NHS and care workers will be exempted from the Immigration Health Surcharge fee as soon as possible, as a testament to their inspirational work throughout this crisis. I will continue to monitor this issue closely as more details emerge.
Domestic Abuse Bill
The Government has continued to take action to combat these abhorrent crimes by significantly strengthening our laws and introducing new tools to protect victims.
I welcome the introduction of the Domestic Abuse Bill to Parliament and although not selected to speak in the virtual parliament, I did record my speech which you can view here. The Bill will create a legal definition of domestic abuse to provide clarity that domestic abuse can be financial, verbal and emotional as well as physical and sexual and that critically it is about patterns of abuse over time. Measures in the Bill also include the introduction of new Domestic Abuse Protection Notices and Domestic Abuse Protection Orders to further protect victims and place restrictions on the actions of offenders.
A Domestic Abuse Commissioner has also been appointed to stand up for victims and survivors; raise public awareness; monitor the response of local authorities, the justice system and other statutory agencies; and hold them to account in tackling domestic abuse.
It is vital to emphasise that social distancing does not prevent people from leaving their homes in search of a place of safety if they live in an abusive household. I welcome the fact that the Government and the new Domestic Abuse Commissioner are working closely to ensure charities on the frontline receive a share of the Government's £750 charitable support package. In addition, £2 million has been announced to provide technological support for domestic abuse services and £600,000 to allow victim helplines to remain open for longer.
I will continue to examine the Bill in detail as it progresses through Parliament and will work closely with the Government to help pass the most effective legislation.
Commonwealth citizens, like the Windrush generation, are a unique group who have built their life here and have contributed enormously to our country. I do not want anyone to be in any doubt about their right to remain here.
When these people came to the UK they were deemed to be settled in the UK under our legislation at the time. This meant some did not get nor need documentation to prove their right to be here. While the vast majority who came before 1973 will now have documentation that proves their right to be in the UK, there have recently been some cases where people have not been able to get the necessary documentation and have struggled to access public services.
To ensure this can happen as easily and smoothly as possible, the Home Office has set up a new dedicated team to help those people evidence their right to be here. The team will help applicants demonstrate they are entitled to live in the UK, have a dedicated contact point, and will be tasked with resolving cases within two weeks of when the evidence has been provided.
In relation to specific concerns about the report, I understand that the independent adviser, Wendy Williams, has not yet been submitted it to Ministers. I have been assured that once it is available, the Home Secretary will publish her report. I think it is vitally important that the Wendy Williams report is free of political interference.
Domestic Abuse Bill
Protecting women and girls from violence and supporting victims is of the utmost importance. To support this commitment to tackling violence against women and girls (VAWG), increased funding of £100 million has been pledged.
I welcome the announcement at the Queen’s Speech of the landmark Domestic Abuse Bill, and the Government is fully committed to enacting this vital legislation as soon as possible. I will closely examine the Bill when it comes before the House of Commons to ensure that it protects people as effectively as possible.
The Bill will create a legal definition of domestic abuse to provide clarity that domestic abuse can be financial, verbal and emotional as well as physical and sexual, and that it is about patterns of abuse over time. The Bill will also include the introduction of new Domestic Abuse Protection Notices and Domestic Abuse Protection Orders to further protect victims and place restrictions on the actions of offenders.
I am also happy to see that the Government have allocated nearly £300,000 in extra investment to North Devon Council to support domestic abuse refuge services.
Minimum Income Requirement
I believe we need rules on bringing spouses from abroad into this country and on family reunion. A balance must be struck between the interests of those who want to bring their spouse to the UK and the interests of the wider UK community.
The Supreme Court has upheld the lawfulness of the minimum income requirement for spouse visas, which has prevented the taxpayer paying more and has helped to promote integration. The Supreme Court also agreed that a fair balance is currently being struck between those wishing to sponsor a spouse to settle in the UK and of the wider community.
That said, the Home Secretary has said that these rules will be kept under review and this question will form part of the Government’s approach to our new immigration regime when it is implemented in January 2021.
Support for Trafficked Children
Thank you for contacting me about providing support for trafficked children.
We must tackle every form of modern slavery, including human trafficking. It is welcome news that Ministers have secured commitments from other governments and institutions, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth and the EU, to tackle modern slavery, and has successfully lobbied for the establishment of the first ever UN Sustainable Development Goal to end modern slavery. The Government is also working bilaterally with priority countries to deepen law enforcement cooperation.
Guardians provide an additional source of advice and support for all trafficked children. A key part of the role includes one-to-one support for those children who lack a figure of parental responsibility for them in the UK. The ICTG regional practice co-ordinator works alongside statutory bodies such as our police, social workers and the wider Criminal Justice System to build a multi-agency approach to the safeguarding of these vulnerable children.
In 2018, the Home Office announced a review of the Modern Slavery Act, which considered the provisions in the Act regarding Independent Child Trafficking Advocates. You may be pleased to know that in line with the review’s recommendations, the Advocates have been recently renamed Independent Child Trafficking Guardians (ICTGs).
The Government remains committed to rolling out guardians nationally so that more and more children are able to access their rights.